Do you know the about the common condition called PCOS/PCOD?"Polycystic ovary syndrome” or PCOS, previously known as the “polycystic ovary disease” (PCOD), and even before that as the “Stein-Leventhal syndrome". We now know that this disorder is extraordinarily common, affecting between 6 and 20% of reproductive-age women depending on the diagnostic criteria used . It was originally named for the first individuals to report on symptoms associated with the syndrome, and then for the salient physical finding first observed (polycystic ovaries, a term coined by Stein and Leventhal).Here's a closer look at it.
What is PCOD?
PCOD is a condition that can lead to hormonal imbalances (hyperandrogenism). Instead, they produce too much of another hormone called androgen. Androgen is a male sex hormone that's responsible for the development of male characteristics, such as facial and body hair.
In women, high levels of androgen can lead to:
- Can cause irregular periods and make it difficult to get pregnant.
How are PCOS/PCOD treated?
There is no cure for PCOS or PCOD. However, there are treatments that can help manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
For PCOS, treatment may include:
-Birth control pills: These can help regulate hormone levels and reduce the risk of complications, such as endometrial cancer.
-Metformin: This medication can help control blood sugar levels and promote ovulation.
-Weight loss: Losing weight can help reduce insulin resistance and lower testosterone levels.-Androgen-blocking medications: These medications can help reduce androgen levels and improve symptoms, such as acne.
PCOS/PCOD can be managed with lifestyle changes and medication. If you're concerned about this condition, talk to your doctor about the best treatment option for you.